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The Ministry of Public Security announced: ten types of high-incidence telecommunications network fraud

2024-05-14

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The Ministry of Public Security announced: ten types of high-incidence telecommunications network fraud

At present, criminals use the increasingly developed communication technology and fast payment technology to design a variety of scams to implement fraud in a non-contact state, and telecommunications network fraud cases are still in a high-incidence trend.

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In recent years, public security organs across the country have, in accordance with the unified deployment of the Ministry of Public Security, carefully organized and carefully deployed, in-depth promotion of the fight against telecommunications network fraud crimes, and launched a fierce offensive against fraudsters. In order to further improve the general public's ability to recognize and prevent fraud, the Criminal Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security has sorted out the top ten high-incidence telecommunications network fraud methods in recent years, and given cases and anti-fraud reminders:

1. Fraud by pretending to be public security

Fraudsters pretend to be public security, procuratorates or judges to require victims to provide account verification funds or transfer funds to "safe accounts" on the grounds of being suspected of various crimes ". The swindler will even make a fake "wanted notice" to achieve the purpose of manipulating the victim. This kind of fraud is often carried out by Taiwan telecom network fraud criminal syndicates, who take advantage of the visa-free convenience of Taiwan and more than 160 countries and regions to set up their dens in countries such as Asia, Europe, Africa, America, Oceania, and so on. and gradually turn the target of fraud to overseas Chinese and overseas students.

In order to bypass the fraudulent phone interception system, fraudsters avoid sensitive words such as "public security bureau" when making fraudulent phone calls, taking phone arrears and downtime, express package problems, etc. as starting points, and immediately after gaining the trust of the victim, they use online chat tools to make follow-up contact with the victim in the names of "police QQ", "police wechat" and "record QQ.

In this type of scam, one of the important reasons why the scammer can make the victim believe is that he can accurately tell the victim's name, ID number, mobile phone number, and even bank card number, and the personal information of these citizens is purchased by the fraud gang.

At present, the "black technology" of fraud is constantly upgrading. Fraudsters not only pretend to be public security personnel on the phone, but also induce victims to install "public security system" APP. Under the banner of the "Ministry of Public Security", this kind of APP is completely operated by the victim, which seems fair, open and more confusing.

Case

Wu, the financial cashier of a unit in Lipu County, Guilin City, was pretended to be a staff member of the public security, procuratorate, and court organs by phone by criminals, and defrauded 5.217 million yuan of funds on the grounds that his identity information was fraudulently used on suspicion of "money laundering. The public security organs have arrested 29 people involved in the case, frozen more than 1500 million yuan in the accounts involved, and seized 66 kilograms of gold and 1 kilogram of platinum.

Anti-fraud reminder

One is to pay attention to the call number. In such cases, most calls are made from abroad through number change software, and the caller ID will have prefixes such as "" or "00". If such abnormalities occur, they can be basically determined as cheats.

Second, fake prosecutors and judges are mostly southern accents. When the other party calls, they must be suspicious.

Third, public security, procuratorate and law enforcement personnel will never notify you by phone or WeChat to check funds, transfer money to "safe accounts", and will not allow you to browse your own wanted warrant or arrest warrant online, or mail such materials to individuals. Anyone who requires transfer, remittance, and fund verification operations through phone calls, text messages, etc. is a fraud. Remember not to believe or transfer money.

Fourth, if it is really impossible to distinguish the authenticity, please dial the local 110 of the calling number to verify it (the local area code is 110).

2. Credit card, loan fraud.

Fraudsters can increase credit card quota, cash out of credit cards, handle large credit cards or handle large low-interest loans through web pages, WeChat groups and QQ groups. Some fake banks send short messages and call to invite cardholders to raise the amount to induce cardholders to operate according to their requirements and defraud citizens' personal information. Some use handling large low-interest loans as bait and carry out fraud by charging victims' intermediary fees, prepaid interest and deposit.

Case

The Shenzhen Anti-Fraud Center organized the Criminal Police Brigade of the Longgang Branch of the Shenzhen Municipal Public Security Bureau to investigate and handle a series of online loan fraud cases. It was found that criminals used the purchase of citizens' personal information to target potential loan targets. Under the guise of telemarketing loans and increasing the loan amount of various online loan platforms, the victims were blackmailed after charging handling fees.

On December 17, the Shenzhen Municipal Public Security Bureau dispatched 286 police officers to carry out a net-closing operation against three crime dens in Kaifu District, Changsha City. Up to now, 230 criminal suspects have been arrested, more than 500 cases have been concatenated, and a large number of criminal tools, fraudulent tactics and personal information of citizens have been seized.

Anti-fraud reminder

Fraudsters target those who are in urgent need of money and lack understanding of credit card use. With elaborate scripts, victims can easily take the bait.

At present, many banks outsource credit card business to other companies, so it is not surprising that some companies provide loan services and handle credit cards. The key lies in how to distinguish the authenticity. When applying for any financial card that can be overdrawn, it will be strictly examined by the applicant and the consumption quota of the financial card will be approved. It will definitely not be the so-called "staff" who promise you as much as you want. The whole application process is free of charge. Even if it involves payment, you will be allowed to go to the unit or bank to handle it, and relevant receipts and receipts will be given. Don't be tempted by the so-called "high", "low interest" or "no interest.

3. Part-time fraud

Fraudsters first widely published part-time bill-brushing advertisements through web pages, forums, social software and other channels, claiming that they could "stay indoors and earn 1,000 yuan a day" by brushing bills to online stores to improve the reputation of merchants ". When the victim believes in his false propaganda, the fraudster requires the victim to purchase specific items on a certain network platform for brushing, in which the cost of shopping, that is, the principal, is paid by the victim, and the fraudster promises to return the principal and remuneration to the victim after the transaction is successful.

In the first few tasks, the fraudster will return the principal to the victim and pay a small reward to relax their vigilance. As the amount of orders swiped by the victims continues to increase, the fraudsters will eventually not return the principal and remuneration as agreed in advance for many reasons such as the amount of unfinished tasks and network failures. Instead, they will require the victims to continue to swipe the orders and invest more principal. Make it sink deeper and deeper until the victim realizes that he has been cheated.

The victims are mostly young groups such as college students, and some are even deceived by more than 100,000, causing great harm to the parties and their families, seriously affecting their academic and physical and mental health, and having a bad social impact.

Case

The victim Li mou received a part-time bill-brushing message from her friend on QQ. after asking about the bill-brushing, she began to follow the instructions of the other party and paid the other party more than 10000 yuan of cash in her account to the other party in batches by transferring the two-dimensional code provided to the other party.

Suddenly one day, Li found that the other party said that the account number was frozen, the principal could not be returned, and the payment needed to be made again. The swindler claimed that there was a problem with the system's authority and that Li needed to complete more orders before he could return the principal. The answer of the customer service was watertight, so Li had to do it and pay again, step by step into the trap set by the fraud gang.

The seemingly skilled dialogue is actually a fraud script designed by criminals in advance. They have already conducted a lot of research on the victim's psychology, designed the coping skills in various situations, and gradually gained the trust of the victim. When Li completed the last transfer, the previous enthusiastic and active customer service was like into thin air and could no longer be contacted.

Anti-fraud reminder

The implementer of the network scam accurately grasped the victim's psychology. At the very beginning, scammers will practice the business process of brushing orders under the guise of success, shopping principal and brushing commission can be quickly returned. The victim has tasted the sweetness. Once he is hooked, he needs to complete continuous tasks. The amount reaches a certain scale. The swindler will induce him to remit money to the swindling account again for various reasons such as system failure and account freezing. Many victims do not realize that they have been cheated until they are "blackmailed" by swindlers. The worst thing is that when the fraud gang defrauds the victim's cash, it will induce the victim to borrow small loans through major banks and online financial platforms to further extract the victim's money.

Online bill brushing is an illegal act of dishonesty. You cannot engage in such work. If you encounter fraud, you will immediately report to the police and keep the other party's QQ, WeChat chat records, phone numbers, etc. to the police for investigation.

4. Pretending to be an acquaintance to lead telephone fraud

After the victim received the call, the fraudster called him by his first name and asked in a leader's tone, "Come to my office tomorrow!" When the victim thought it was one of his leaders or acquaintances and asked, "Is it a general manager or a director?" The fraudster replied in the affirmative. A few days later, the fraudster called again, saying that he was in a meeting and making excuses to ask the victim to prepare cash for the guests. Later, the fraudsters will request to transfer money to a certain account instead, and then continue to pretend to be leaders or acquaintances to carry out fraud until the victim finds out that he has been cheated.

Case

Shan Shan, who works in a public institution in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, was woken up by the phone in her sleep. The other party claimed that "I am your leader" and sounded like her boss, Director Meng. Although the accent is slightly different, Shan Shan did not suspect that Director Meng had a dental operation recently, which may have changed her voice. At more than 8 o'clock the next morning, when she was approaching the unit, she again received a call from "Director Meng" who had "changed her voice. Although she was not willing to pay the money, Shan Shan was usually in awe of Director Meng and did not dare to ask more questions. In addition, the other party repeatedly stressed that she could keep the vouchers for reimbursement. Shan Shan did not doubt any more and transferred 30000 yuan to "Director Meng" three times on the ATM within half an hour. After checking, she realized that she had been cheated.

Anti-fraud reminder

Fraudsters have a large number of victims' names and telephone numbers. They call unspecified people all over the country. The more times they make calls, the more likely they are to succeed. When the victim encounters a particular voice and thinks it is someone he knows well, he is convinced of it. In fact, as long as the victim falls into the trap of the other party, the transfer is often completed in a short time. Criminals will transfer the money quickly after receiving it, and the whole process will generally not exceed three or four hours.

For this kind of fraud, one is to listen to the accent. This type of fraud has relatively strong regional characteristics. The suspect generally has a heavy southern accent. When receiving such an accent call, we should be vigilant.

The second is to ask the truth and the truth. The other party has obtained some information about the victim, but the information is limited. You can ask whether the other party is someone you can see around you. If the other party replies smoothly, you can confirm that you are a liar.

Third, if the identity of the other party cannot be determined, specific events can be detailed for confirmation. If the other party claims that it is not convenient for the leaders of the unit to ask directly, they can learn about the relevant situation of the leaders from their colleagues and verify carefully.

5. impersonating online shopping customer service refund fraud

After the victim received the phone call, the fraudster claimed to be the customer service or seller of Taobao, jingdong or other shopping platforms. he could report the victim's personal order information in detail, and said that if the order was invalid, he would have to "refund" or "return the goods for compensation", so as to induce the victim to click on the phishing link or guide the victim to scan the two-dimensional code to involve the money in his account.

Case

Huang, a resident of Jiaxing City, reported that the customer service who was pretended to be "Daily Express" by criminals used the need to withdraw the complaint and give 3 times the claim as bait to induce him to click on the phishing website to be cheated by 19980 yuan. After a great deal of work, the public security organs destroyed 11 dens, arrested more than 40 suspects from Longyan, Fujian, including Lai, seized more than 80 mobile phones, more than 500 mobile phone cards, more than 700 bank cards, more than 20 computers, 500000 yuan in cash, and frozen more than 1000 million yuan of funds involved in the case.

Anti-fraud reminder

First, when you encounter a phone call from a self-proclaimed seller saying that you need a refund or repayment, you should personally log on to the official shopping website for inquiries, or call regular customer service, do not easily click on the website provided by the so-called store, and do not fill in relevant information on these web pages.

Second, the customer service personnel of various shopping platforms will not propose that users provide personal bank card information and transfer requirements. Third, the bank card number and verification code information must be kept properly and not easily leaked.

6.QQ (WeChat) Fraud Pretending to Be Boss (Relatives and Friends)

Fraudsters add corporate financial personnel as friends by impersonating the boss's WeChat, QQ, etc., and then imitate the boss's tone to issue transfer instructions to the financial personnel, or pull the financial personnel into the so-called "company senior management group" to make the financial personnel believe it and put the money into the account designated by the fraudster.

Case

Ms. Zhao of Guangzhou Baiyun suddenly received a WeChat message, a WeChat friend request exactly the same as the boss. Ms. Zhao added it without much thought. She had the impression that the boss had a second WeChat, so she did not doubt it. Moreover, as soon as the "boss" added friends, she gave her work orders in a fairly familiar tone and command tone.

Zhao Nvshi's company is not particularly large, so the boss will personally ask the accounts from time to time. Judging from the chat records at that time, five minutes after getting the company's flow sheet, the other party sent a screenshot, asking for the remittance to be 330000 to an account, and smoothly answered a series of questions from Ms. Zhao. But at noon, the real and fake bosses contacted Zhao Nvshi at the same time. The real boss told her one thing, and the fake boss told her another thing on WeChat. After Zhao Nvshi told the real boss the whole story, she woke up and rushed to the bank immediately, but it was too late and the money in the other party's account had been transferred.

Anti-fraud reminder

First, WeChat and QQ should be cautious in adding friends. If QQ and WeChat are found stolen, they should immediately notify relatives, friends and colleagues to prevent cheating in your name.

Second, financial personnel should handle financial matters in strict accordance with the financial system and workflow, and should not operate in violation of regulations for any special reasons.

Third, do not handle financial matters on QQ or WeChat. Any fund transfer matters must be verified in person or by phone.

7. Internet prostitution fraud

Fraudsters use social software such as WeChat and QQ to use virtual positioning software to release seduction information in prosperous areas to lure prostitutes. Once someone takes the bait, they will ask for red envelopes in the name of paying security deposit, transportation expenses, etc. before they come to the door for service, and carry out fraud.

Case

Xu, a resident of Yongjia County, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, reported that he was defrauded by criminals in the name of providing pornographic services. The police found a criminal gang of prostitution fraud headed by people from Danzhou, Hainan Province, involving more than 1000 victims and a total amount of 1.6 million yuan.

Anti-fraud reminder

The act of soliciting whoring itself is illegal, and fraudsters use it as an excuse to cheat even more unscrupulously, and the broad masses must clean themselves up. Please ignore this kind of information when you see it on the Internet. Once you can't resist the temptation, you can easily fall into the trap of fraudsters.

8. Investment and financial fraud

Fraudsters advocate on social platforms that they can accurately predict the rise and fall of stocks and futures, and shape the so-called "experts", "masters" and "Bai Fumei" images. Some lure victims to participate in investment and charge high "membership fees" and "service fees". Some promote all kinds of "stock recommendation software" and "stock recommendation platform", using "free use" and "high profit" as bait to guide users to the software platform, participating in in stock trading such as precious metals, works of art, postal currency cards or overseas futures trading, in fact, these trading systems are forged. Scammers can manipulate the market in real time in the background, forge transaction records, and defraud victims of large amounts of money.

Case

The Public Security Bureau of Yunyang County, Chongqing City discovered a criminal gang that committed fraud on the grounds of stock recommendation. The suspects Zhao and Zhang set up a company and rented a high-end office building. Without any stock brokerage qualification, they recruited people without securities business knowledge, wrote speech templates, and charged "information fees" for recommend stocks from others. Fraud. The police locked in the identity and den of the suspect, and then organized the police force to rush to Guilin, Guangxi, and jointly carried out a centralized arrest operation with the local police. 154 suspects were arrested on the spot and more than 1000 million yuan of funds involved in the case were frozen.

Anti-fraud reminder

Investment is risky, investment and financial management must go to the formal platform, in WeChat group, QQ group and other exchange of financial knowledge is not reliable, once involved in remittance transfer should be vigilant. In addition, don't be fooled by the so-called high-return precious metals, crude oil, futures and other investments and "recommend stocks" on social platforms.

9. Marriage and dating fraud

Fraudsters disguise themselves as good-looking successful men or beautiful and lovely young women, get to know the victims through dating websites, floating bottles, shaking, etc., and quickly fall in love with the victims online, borrowing money from the victims under various excuses, and even tempting the victims to participate in online gambling, online lottery purchases, online investment, etc., to defraud money.

Case

Harbin resident Yang reported that he met a man on the dating website. The man pretended to be the maintenance staff of the online gambling platform of "Macau New Lisboa Entertainment City" and used high returns as bait to induce him to recharge on the platform. A total of 930000 yuan was cheated. So far, the public security machine has arrested two suspects.

Anti-fraud reminder

The "caring and warm men" or "gentle beauties" on the Internet are all pieced together by photos and voice-changing software, and their real faces are fraudsters hiding behind computers or mobile phones. Their mobile phones all log in several micro-signals at the same time. After adding friends to strangers through WeChat, they chat with male and female friends and determine the direction of male and female friends. After feeling that the other party took the bait, they asked the other party for money for various reasons, such as not paying wages recently, family members falling ill, and even having no money to buy fruits. If they feel that the other party has money, they will want more, and if they feel that they have no money, they will want less. Until the other party has no use value, they will pull black and lose contact.

Recently, this kind of fraud has a new routine, that is, the combination of marriage fraud and investment fraud, there is a "fraud" that pulls you to "invest" in the process of making friends ". Most scammers use excuses such as high returns and stable profits to induce victims to "invest" or "recharge" on the platform to achieve the purpose of defrauding money.

For this kind of fraud, first, we should be cautious in making friends online, especially friends on dating websites, social networking websites and dating apps. We must verify the information during in-depth communication to prevent the other party from committing fraud in a virtual identity. Don't trust the pictures and videos sent online.

The second is not to transfer money or remit money at will. When netizens who have never met suddenly mention property, they should be vigilant and not be carried away by sweet words.

10. Air ticket change fraud

After the victim ordered the air ticket, he received a text message from the fraudster that "the flight was canceled due to aircraft failure or weather, contact the customer service phone number. When the victim contacts the fake "customer service" phone number of the fraudster in the text message, the "customer service" will guide the victim to operate in Alipay or WeChat wallet, enter his bank card and verification code on the "transfer platform", and transfer the money to the swindler's account without knowing it.

Case

Ms. Chen of Ruian, Zhejiang Province, received a text message at home that the plane had broken down and was forced to cancel. A few days ago, she did buy a ticket from Wenzhou to Zhengzhou online. Because the text message was exactly the same as the air ticket she ordered, Ms. Chen relaxed her vigilance and dialed the so-called "customer service number" according to the content of the text message, and was later defrauded of more than 100000 yuan.

Anti-fraud reminder

In this type of fraud, the fraudster first purchases the passenger's booking information, and then sends a text message to the passenger's mobile phone, saying, "The ticket you booked, the flight is to be canceled, do you want to change the ticket, or do you want to refund the ticket, change or refund The ticket charges a handling fee of 20 yuan." Leave a mobile phone number and add "0086" before the number in order to look like a customer service number ". If the passenger calls back, the fraudster will pretend to be the airline customer service and defraud the other party's bank card information to transfer money in the name of refund.

For this kind of fraud, first, when receiving a flight delay or cancellation text message, you should call the airline's official customer service number or check with the airport staff.

Second, remember that refunds and refunds do not need to enter passwords and verification codes, and do not need to remit money in advance.

Source: Guangming Net, Criminal Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security

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